Did You Know?

Capital: Honolulu

Date of Statehood: August 21, 1959

Population: 1,224,398 ( 2001 estimation )

Primary Industry: Tourism

State Bird: Nene or Hawaiian Goose

State Mammal: Humpback Whale

State Tree: Kukui or Candlenut

State Flower: Yellow Hibiscus

State Motto: Ua Mau Ke Ea O Ka Aina I Ka Pono ( The Life Of The Land Is Perpetuated In Righteousness )

State Song: Hawaii Pono'i

State Gem: Black Coral

Nickname: Aloha State


Hawaiian Facts

  • Hawaii lies 2,397 miles west - southwest of San Francisco
  • South Point on the Island of Hawaii is the southern most point in the United States
  • Hawaii is actually a 1,523 - mile chain of islets and eight main islands. Hawaii, Kahoolawe, Maui, Lanai, Molokai, Oahu, Kauai and Niihau
  • Hawaii has the world's most active Volcano, Kilauea crater on Mauna Loa
  • Mt. Waialeale on Kauai is known to be the wettest place on earth
  • Hawaii is the only state with an official native language
  • Hawaii boasts the most diverse population mix of all the states
  • Hawaii is the only state ever governed directly by monarchs who were recognized by international law. Iolani Palace on the Island of Oahu is the only royal palace in the United States.
  • During WWI, many Hawaiians went into the service


History

A.D. 200 to A.D. 500

Early Polynesian navigators arrive in Hawaii. It is believed they came from the Marquesas Islands, 2,000 miles south of Hawaii.


A.D. 1000

New travelers arrive in Hawaii from Tahiti and the Society Islands.


1778

The HMS Resolution and Discovery, captained by James Cook, landed on the island of Kauai. Cook named the islands the Sandwich Islands. The population of native Hawaiians at this time is estimated to have been about 400,000 people.


1779

Captain Cook’s second visit to Hawaii. His ships landed at Kealakekua Bay on the "Big Island" of Hawaii, where he was treated as a god by the natives. When leaving the island, he sailed into a large winter storm that damaged one of the ships. Returning to Hawaii for repairs was Cook's tragic mistake. Although the natives gave them the same respect, they stole one of Cook's small boats. Cook tried to get the boat back by holding one of the island’s chiefs and blockading the bay. The natives were furious and killed Captain Cook and four of his sailors. In retaliation, some of Cook's crew bombarded villages, set fire to temples and killed many Hawai'ians.


1795

Kamehameha the Great unifies all the Hawaiian Islands under his rule.


1819

The whaling industry starts in Hawaiian waters. Kamehameha I dies on May 18th.


1820

American missionaries arrive in Hawaii. A 12-letter alphabet was created so the Hawaiian language could be recorded. Schools were established and Christianity was spread. Many Hawaiian customs, like the Hula and worshipping of Hawai’ian gods, were scorned.


1878

The population of Hawaiian people at this time is estimated to have been 40,000 to 50,000 – only about 100 years after the first contact with the western world.


1893

Rich sugar planters plotted to end the Hawaiian monarchy with a U.S. takeover, and the annexationists overthrew Queen Lili'uokalani.


1898

The United States annexes Hawaii and creates the Territory of Hawaii.


1941

December 7, the infamous attack by Japan on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor and other military bases on the island of Oahu.


1959

Hawaii becomes the 50th state of the United States.