Pearl Harbor

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Strategically located Pearl Harbor, named for the oysters that were farmed for their pearls during the time of King Kamehameha, was the main reason that Honolulu was chosen as the capital of Hawaii. First used for military purposes during the Spanish-American War of 1887, Pearl Harbor was famously bombed by a Japanese air fleet on the morning of December 7, 1941. The unexpected attack destroyed almost all of this key military center, and was a deciding factor in the U.S. decision to enter World War II.