An L-shaped square in front of the Palazzo Vecchio, the site of the 13th century Piazza della Signoria has been the political heart of the city from the Middle Ages to the present day.
Massive sculptures are set around the perimeter of this large square, including a copy of Michelangelo's David, Donatello's Judith and Holofernes, Bandinelli's Hercules and the controversial Neptune. Also known as the Palazzo della Signoria, this famous palace has seen at least three stages of construction, from the 13th through 16th centuries.
Today the palace houses the offices of the City Council and much of it is still open to the public. Also in the Square at the Loggia dei Lanzi are graphic statues depicting the slaying of Medusa, the Rape of the Sabines and the Rape of Polyxena.