Officially known as Il Vittoriano, locals derisively refer to it as the Wedding Cake or the Typewriter.
Designed in 1895 and completed in 1935, it is a monument to King Victor Emanuele, the unifier of Italy. Despite its ancient heritage, Italy is a young country and was first unified in 1870. The flame in the center with the military guard marks Italy's tomb of the Unknown Soldier.
The building was reopened to the public in 2000, following a $4.5 million, 3-year restoration.